Friday

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English

Etymology

From Old English frīġedæġ. Compound of frīġe and dæġ (day), corresponding to late Proto-Germanic *Frijjōz dagaz (day of Frigg), a calque of Latin diēs Veneris, via an association (interpretātiō germānica) of the goddess Frigg with the Roman goddess of love Venus.

Compare West Frisian freed, Low German Freedag, Dutch vrijdag, German Freitag, Danish fredag. Old Norse Frigg (genitive Friggjar), Old Saxon Fri, and Old English Frig are derived from Proto-Germanic *Frijjō. Frigg is cognate with Sanskrit प्रिया (priyā́, wife). The root also appears in Old Saxon fri (beloved lady); in Swedish fria, in Danish and Norwegian as fri (to propose for marriage); a related meaning exists in Icelandic as frjá (to love) and similarly in Dutch vrijen (to make love (to have sex)).

Pronunciation

  • enPR: frīʹdā, frīʹdē; IPA(key): /ˈfɹaɪdeɪ/, /ˈfɹaɪdi/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -aɪdeɪ
  • Rhymes: -aɪdi

Noun

Friday (plural Fridays)

  1. The sixth day of the week in many religious traditions, and the fifth day of the week in systems using the ISO 8601 norm; the Muslim Sabbath; it follows Thursday and precedes Saturday.

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Adverb

Friday (not comparable)

  1. (US, Canada) on Friday

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