plunder

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See also: Plunder and plünder

English

Etymology

Recorded since 1632 (during the Thirty Years War, native British use since the Cromwellian Civil War), from Hutterisch plunderen (to plunder, originally “to take away household furniture) (Dutch plunderen) from plunder (household goods, clothes; lumber, baggage); akin to Middle Dutch plunder (household goods), Saterland Frisian plunnerje (to loot, plunder), West Frisian plunje and Dutch plunje (clothes).

Pronunciation

  • (file)
  • enPR: plŭn'də(r), IPA(key): /ˈplʌndə(ɹ)/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ʌndə(ɹ)

Verb

plunder (third-person singular simple present plunders, present participle plundering, simple past and past participle plundered)

  1. (transitive) To pillage, take or destroy all the goods of, by force (as in war); to raid, sack.
    The mercenaries plundered the small town.
    The shopkeeper was plundered of his possessions by the burglar.
  2. (transitive) To take (goods) by pillage.
    The mercenaries plundered all the goods they found.
  3. (intransitive) To take by force or wrongfully; to commit robbery or looting, to raid.
    “Now to plunder, mateys!” screamed a buccaneer, to cries of “Arrgh!” and “Aye!” all around.
  4. (transitive) To make extensive (over)use of, as if by plundering; to use or use up wrongfully.
    The miners plundered the jungle for its diamonds till it became a muddy waste.
  5. (transitive) To take unexpectedly.

Derived terms

Translations

Noun

plunder (uncountable)

  1. An instance of plundering.
  2. The loot attained by plundering.
    The Hessian kept his choicest plunder in a sack that never left his person, for fear that his comrades would steal it.
    For semantic relationships of this sense, see booty in the Thesaurus.
  3. (slang, dated) Baggage; luggage.
    • 1880, The Peterson Magazine (volumes 77-78, page 215)
      [] till a long-legged boy brought him out of his revery, by an offer to carry his “plunder,” in whatsoever direction he might desire to direct his steps.

Translations


Dutch

Pronunciation

  • (file)

Etymology 1

From Middle Dutch plunder, further etymology unknown.

Alternative forms

  • plonder (obsolete)

Noun

plunder c (plural plunders, diminutive plundertje n)

  1. One's property, (collective) possessions
    Synonyms: have (en goed), huisraad
    1. Notably furniture and other (mainly small) home inventory
Derived terms

Etymology 2

Verb

plunder

  1. first-person singular present indicative of plunderen
  2. imperative of plunderen