slave

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See also: Slave, Slavé, slāve, slavē, and slāvē

English

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Middle English, from Old French sclave, from Medieval Latin sclāvus (slave), from Late Latin Sclāvus (Slav), because Slavs were often forced into slavery in the Middle Ages,[2][3][4][1] from Byzantine Greek σκλάβος (sklábos), from Old Church Slavonic словенинъ (sloveninŭ), possibly from слово (slovo, word), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱléwos (fame), from the root *ḱlew- (to hear), from *ḱel- (to incline).

Pronunciation

  • enPR: slāv, IPA(key): /sleɪv/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -eɪv

Noun

slave (plural slaves)

  1. A person who is the property of another person and whose labor and also whose life often is subject to the owner's volition.
  2. A person who is legally obliged by prior contract (oral or written) to work for another, with contractually limited rights to bargain; an indentured servant.
  3. One who has lost the power of resistance; one who surrenders to something.
    a slave to passion, to strong drink, or to ambition
  4. A drudge; one who labours like a slave.
  5. An abject person; a wretch.
    Art thou the slave that with thy breath hast kill'd/ Mine innocent child? Shakespeare. Much Ado About Nothing.
  6. A person who is forced against his/her will to perform, for another person or other persons, sexual acts or other personal services on a regular or continuing basis.
  7. (engineering) A device that is controlled by another device.

Derived terms

Translations

See also

Verb

slave (third-person singular simple present slaves, present participle slaving, simple past and past participle slaved)

  1. (intransitive) To work hard.
    I was slaving all day over a hot stove.
  2. (transitive) To enslave.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Marston to this entry?)
  3. (transitive) To place a device under the control of another.
    to slave a hard disk
    • 2005, Simon Millward, Fast Guide to Cubase SX (page 403)
      Slaving one digital audio device to another unit using timecode alone results in time-based synchronisation []

Translations

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 slave, n.1 (and a.)” listed in the Oxford English Dictionary, second edition, 1989
  2. ^ slave” in Dictionary.com Unabridged, Dictionary.com, LLC, 1995–.
  3. ^ slave” in Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary, Merriam-Webster Online.
  4. ^ slave” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary, 2001–2017.

Anagrams


Danish

Noun

slave c (singular definite slaven, plural indefinite slaver)

  1. slave

Inflection

Synonyms

Derived terms

Verb

slave (imperative slav, infinitive at slave, present tense slaver, past tense slavede, perfect tense har slavet)

  1. slave

Synonyms


French

Etymology

From Middle French Sclave, from Medieval Latin Sclavus, from Byzantine Greek Σκλάβος (Sklábos), from Proto-Slavic *slověninъ. Doublet of esclave.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /slav/
  • (file)

Adjective

slave (plural slaves)

  1. Slav, Slavic
    Les langues slaves.

Derived terms

Related terms

Noun

slave m (uncountable)

  1. Slavic language
    Avant le IXe siècle, on présume que les Slaves partageaient tous une langue à peu près identique appelée le slave commun, mais aucun écrit avant 860 ne peut le prouver.

References

Further reading

Anagrams


Italian

Adjective

slave

  1. plural of slavo

Noun

slave f

  1. plural of slavo

Anagrams


Latvian

Noun

slave f (5th declension)

  1. (dialectal) fame, glory; alternative form of slava

Declension


Norwegian Bokmål

Noun

slave m (definite singular slaven, indefinite plural slaver, definite plural slavene)

  1. a slave

Derived terms

Related terms

References


Norwegian Nynorsk

Noun

slave m (definite singular slaven, indefinite plural slavar, definite plural slavane)

  1. a slave

Derived terms

Related terms

References